Geronimo and 25 of his followers slipped away during the night; their escape cost Crook his command. Crook was portrayed in the 1993 movie Geronimo: An American Legend (1993) by the actor Gene Hackman. The army caused heavy casualties for the Paiute in the battle of Tearass Plain. Skip Ancestry navigation Main Menu. Edit a memorial you manage or suggest changes to the memorial manager. Use the links under See more to quickly search for other people with the same last name in the same cemetery, city, county, etc. When the Civil War broke out, Crook accepted a commission as Colonel of Ohio's 36th regiment and led it on duty in western Virginia. General William Sherman said the greatest Indian fighter of them all was General Crook. A party dispatched to Deadwood for supplies came across the village of American Horse the Elder on September 9, 1876. The Battle of the Rosebud was on. By 0830, the Sioux and Cheyenne had hotly engaged Crook's Indian allies on the high ground north of the main body. The Ute adopted the horse in the 1600s. Later during the Civil War, it was used for the defense of San Francisco. The 35-year-old Crook reported to army headquarters at City Point, Virginia, where the commanding general explained the mission in person. Robinson, Charles M., III. , Red Cloud, a war chief of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux), said of Crook, "He, at least, never lied to us. General Crook was unable to provide leadership as the excitement and exertion had sent him into a faint. FORUM ARTICLES SEARCH. He fought against the Indians. TheApache went on the warpath two years later, and Crooks last campaign ended in the surrender of Geronimo. Each man was to carry only 1 blanket, 100 rounds of ammunition, and 4 days' rations. As the soldiers drew them in, Crook had them remount; they defeated the Paiute and recovered some stolen livestock. He died suddenly in Chicago in 1890 while serving as commander of the Division of the Missouri.  Along with the title of his department Crook added "Army of West Virginia." He distinguished himself in several campaigns against the Indians, particularly in the Battles of Powder River, Tongue River, and the Rosebud River. The general noticed that the Northern Paiute used the fall, winter and spring seasons to gather food, so he adopted the tactic recommended by a predecessor George B. Currey: to attack during the winter. The Southerners gave way, tried to re-form, then broke and retreated up and over the hill towards Dublin. Red Cloud, a war chief of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux), said of Crook, "He, at least, never lied to us. While he was there, his portrait was painted by artist Herbert A. Collins. Include gps location with grave photos where possible. Are you sure that you want to delete this memorial? The federal judge affirmed that Standing Bear had some of the rights of U.S. citizens. After covering all the escape routes, Crook ordered the charge on the village while intending to view the raid from afar, but his horse got spooked and galloped ahead of Crook's forces toward the village. After the disaster at the Little Bighorn, the U.S. Congress authorized funds to reinforce the Big Horn and Yellowstone Expedition. He later took a prominent role in the battles of Five Forks, Amelia Springs, Sayler's Creek and Appomattox Court House. After covering all the escape routes, Crook ordered the charge on the village while intending to view the raid from afar, but his horse got spooked and galloped ahead of Crook's forces toward the village. He then sent a party eastward to tear up the tracks and burn the ties. Previously sponsored memorials or famous memorials will not have this option. Crook was born on September 8, 1828, in Montgomery County, Ohio. Gathered from those who lived during the same time period , were born in the same place, or who have a family name in common. Crook had fought Indians in Oregon before the Civil War. Crook was promoted to first lieutenant in 1856, and to captain in 1860. All photos uploaded successfully, click on the Done button to see the photos in the gallery. The Cavalry battalions led the column, followed by the battalion of mule-borne foot soldiers, and a provisional company of civilian miners and packers brought up the rear. He passed away on 21 Mar 1890 in Chicago, Cook, Illinois, USA. The Ute adopted the horse in the 1600s. Martin F. Schmitt, ed., General George Crook: His Autobiography (1946), is the standard account of Crook's life; . During these early battles he developed a life-long friendship with one of his subordinates, Col. Rutherford B. Hayes of the 23rd Ohio Infantry. He served in Oregon and northern California, alternately protecting or fighting against several Native American tribes. Only days later, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, serving with the 23rd Infantry on frontier duty in the Pacific Northwest. The fresh troops hastened towards the battlefield, where they soon met their compatriots retreating from Cloyd's Mountain. Thomas Crook 1721 - 1722. The barrier caused little delay and the Yankee infantry stormed up the hill and engaged the rebel defenders at close range. The site formerly known as Fort Crook is now part of Offutt AFB, Nebraska. To view a photo in more detail or edit captions for photos you added, click the photo to open the photo viewer. All photos appear on this tab and here you can update the sort order of photos on memorials you manage. list'll as paint is injured by it." When the Civil War began in 1861, he was made colonel in the 35th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The sponsor of a memorial may add an additional. Resend Activation Email, Please check the I'm not a robot checkbox, If you want to be a Photo Volunteer you must enter a ZIP Code or select your location on the map. Crook had fought Indians in Oregon before the Civil War. That same year his home, now called the General Crook House, was completed. Discover the meaning and history behind your last name and get a sense of identity and discover who you are and where you come from. General George Crook was a career United States Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the Civil War and the Indian Wars. When the Civil War broke out, Crook accepted a commission as Colonel of Ohio's 36th regiment and led it on duty in western Virginia. Crook County in Wyoming and Oregon were named for him, as was the town of Crook, Colorado. It should be noted that the official VIII Corps of the Union Army was led by Lew Wallace during this time and its troops were on duty in Maryland and Northern Virginia. At the end of the Civil War, George Crook received a brevet as major general in the regular army, but reverted to the permanent rank of major. Miles replaced Crook in command of the Arizona Territory and brought an end to the Apache Wars. Before long Crook was assigned to command an infantry brigade in the Army of the Cumberland. George Crook was named for General George Crook, President Hayes' favorite commander. When President Ulysses S. Grant sent him to Arizona to fight the Apache, he reorganized his command, employed Indian scouts, and put constant pressure on the roving war parties. Failed to delete memorial. Crook arrived in Boise City to take command on December 11, 1866. Make sure that the file is a photo. During this period, in 1879, he spoke on behalf of the Ponca tribe and Native American rights during the trial of Standing Bear v. Crook, in which the federal judge affirmed that Standing Bear had some of the rights of US citizens. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1852 and served in California and Oregon fighting Indians until 1861. In 1856 he was promoted to first lieutenant and the following year, commanded the Pitt River Expedition and, in one of the several engagements, was severely wounded by an Indian arrow. Several minutes later, the soldiers heard the sound of intermittent gunfire coming from the bluffs to the north. Fort Crook (1891 1946) was an Army Depot in Bellevue, Nebraska, first used as a dispatch point for Indian conflicts on the Great Plains. The Apache had taken up arms against the U.S. army under the leadership of Geronimo. Please enter your email address and we will send you an email with a reset password code. Chicago, 111.. March 21.-Maj.-Gen. in a Chicago Hotel. Unavailable. Later, he was given the command of the Department of the West, headquartered in Chicago, and was still in command there when he died at age 61. Following the campaign, George Crook was assigned to the command of the Kanawha Division which was detailed to the Army of the Cumberland in the Western Theater, where Crook fought in the Battle of Chattanooga in Tennessee and the Chickamauga Campaign. Crook Peak in Lake County, Oregon, elevation 7,834 feet (2,388m), in the Warner Mountains is named after him. In September 1862, he was promoted to Brigadier General, US Volunteers, taking command of the Kanawha District, and in July 1864, promoted to Major General, US Volunteers, taking command of the Cavalry Division of the Army of the Cumberland. Defeated by Crazy Horse at the Battle of Rosebud, he failed to link up with General Alfred Terry, a circumstance that may have played a part in the massacre at the Little Bighorn. Crook City Road passes through there from Whitewood heading toward Deadwood. The army caused heavy casualties for the Paiute in the battle of Tearass Plain. During these early battles he developed a lifelong friendship with one of his subordinates, Col. Rutherford B. Hayes of the 23rd Ohio Infantry. The only man to have trouble with the creek was General Crook. Collins.. Several minutes later, the soldiers heard the sound of intermittent gunfire coming from the bluffs to the north. In 1861, he was made Colonel and commander of the 36th Ohio Volunteer Infantry regiment, and was wounded at Louisburg. (September 8, 1828 March 21, 1890) was a career United States Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. Parents. Crook successfully campaigned against the Snake Indians in the 1864-68 Snake War, where he won nationwide recognition. (Crook was reportedly furious that the scouts, who had faithfully served the Army, were imprisoned along with the hostile warriors. Try again later. He established Fort Ter-Waw in what is now Klamath, California. You can always change this later in your Account settings. Chicago, March 21. After eight months of hard campaigning, Crook had the Apache back on reservations. At 11 am, he sent Hayes' first brigade and Colonel Horatio G. Sickel's second brigade down the slope to the edge of the meadow, where they were to launch a frontal assault on the Confederates as soon as they heard the sound of White's guns.  Along with the title of his department Crook added "Army of West Virginia". , Crook was promoted to first lieutenant in 1856, and to captain in 1860. It was named for then Lt. Crook by Captain John W. T. Gardiner, 1st Dragoons, as Crook was recovering there from an injury. He sent numerous telegrams protesting their arrest to Washington. Caught in the crossfire, Crook's horse carried the general through the village without being wounded. Grant instructed Crook to march his force, the Kanawha Division, against the railroad at Dublin, Virginia, 140 miles (230 km) south of Charleston.  Eicher, pp. I also have an ancestor that is believed to be related to General George Crook and his family, (Parents).She is my great grandmother, Agnes Brown Crook, born in Morgan County, Ohio in 1869.Her parents were, I beleive, Lewis Crook and Elizabeth Brown, married in Morgan County in 1853. . We encourage you to research and examine these records to determine their accuracy. These trees can change over time as users edit, remove, or otherwise modify the data in their trees. He fought at the battle of Chickamauga and was in pursuit of Joseph Wheeler during the Chattanooga Campaign. He was a noted western Indian fighter and friend of the Indian He rose to the rank of regular Major General. Guide to the George Crook Papers 1863-1890, Northwest Digital Archives cites his life as 18291890. His division was detached from the IX Corps for duty in the Department of the Ohio. Nominated to the United States Military Academy by Congressman Robert Schenck, he graduated in 1852, ranking near the bottom of his class. Born in Ohio in 1830, General Crook had a long and honorable career during the Civil War, engaging the Rebel Army in at least fourteen battles including Atietam and Chickamauga. Crook used Indian scouts as troops as well as to spot enemy encampments. Based on intelligence reports, Crook ordered his entire force to prepare for a quick march. There is a problem with your email/password. His words gave my people hope.. Nevertheless he was appointed as a replacement for David Hunter in command of the Department of West Virginia the following day. In July he assumed command of the 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps in the Army of the Cumberland. Schmitt, Martin F., General George Crook, His Autobiography, University of Oklahoma Press, 1986, ISBN 0-8061-1982-9. George Crook graduated from West Point in 1852 was assigned to the 4th Infantry, serving in California and Oregon. Historical Person Search Search Search Results Results Major General George Crook (1828 - 1890) Try FREE for 14 days Try FREE for 14 days How do we create a person's profile? He was assigned to the Pacific Northwest, where he fought Indians in northern California and southern Oregon and was wounded. In February 1864, Crook returned to command the Kanawha Division, which was now officially designated the 3rd Division of the Department of West Virginia. They are surrounded on all sides, the game is destroyed or driven away;they are left to starve, and there remains but one thing for them to do fight while they can. Their pace quickened as they neared the other side, but just before the up-slope they came to a waist-deep creek. One group of carvings has several horses, which locals call Crook's Brand Site, as they claim the horses carry the general's brand. , The following July, Crook assumed command of a small force called the Army of the Kanawha. This "0" Mile General Crook Trail Marker is located in the place where in 1871 General George Crook established a military supply trail which connected Forts Whipple, Verde and Apache. Resend Activation Email. The fresh troops hastened towards the battlefield, where they soon met their compatriots retreating from Cloyd's Mountain. He served in Oregon and northern California, fighting against several Native American tribes. Spouse(s) Ann Baron 1761 - Unknown. After years of campaigning in the Indian Wars, Crook won steady promotion back up the ranks to the permanent grade of Major General. You have chosen this person to be their own family member. Forest Road 300 in the Coconino National Forest is named the "General Crook Trail." In February 1865 General Crook was captured by Confederate raiders at Cumberland, Maryland, and held as a prisoner of war in Richmond until exchanged a month later. In two years most of the Apache were on reservations. Welcome to the Crook Family page at Surname Finder, a service of Genealogy Today. He fought at Chickamauga, and helped to drive Confederate General Joseph Wheeler out of Tennessee. 102-04. After Geronimo escaped the second time (Crook had allowed him minimum guard, and trusted him to turn himself in), Crook resigned from his position as Commander of the Department of Arizona, after the War Department reprimanded him for allowing Geronimo's escape. Breaking camp on the morning of May 9, Crook moved his men south to the top of a spur of Cloyd's Mountain. Leaving Fort Fetterman on 29 May, the 1,051-man column consisted of 15 companies from the 2d and 3d Cavalry, 5 companies from the 4th and 9th Infantry, 250 mules, and 106 wagons. Nearby soldiers grabbed their commander's arms and hauled him to the other side. cemeteries found within miles of your location will be saved to your photo volunteer list. Accordingly, Crook stopped to rest his men and animals at 0800. Our editors have compiled this checklist of genealogical resources, combining links to commercial databases along with user-contributed information and web sites for the Crook surname.